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Download a PDF Version of Jaan Puhvel's Comparative Mythology: A Guide for Students and Scholars


Jaan Puhvel Comparative Mythology Pdf Download




If you are interested in learning more about the similarities and differences between myths from various cultures, you might want to read Jaan Puhvel's book Comparative Mythology. This book is a comprehensive and insightful introduction to the field of comparative mythology, written by one of its leading scholars. In this article, we will tell you more about the topic, the author, and the book, as well as how you can download a PDF version of it.




Jaan Puhvel Comparative Mythology Pdf Download



What is comparative mythology?




Comparative mythology is a branch of humanities that studies myths from different cultures and regions, and tries to find patterns, parallels, contrasts, and connections between them. Myths are stories that express the beliefs, values, traditions, and worldviews of a people, often involving supernatural beings, events, or phenomena. Comparative mythology aims to understand how myths reflect and shape human culture, history, psychology, and identity.


Why is comparative mythology important?




Comparative mythology is important for several reasons. First, it helps us appreciate the diversity and richness of human creativity and imagination. By comparing myths from different cultures, we can learn about their unique perspectives, expressions, and aesthetics. Second, it helps us discover the commonalities and universals that underlie human experience and cognition. By finding similarities and shared motifs among myths from different cultures, we can uncover their origins, meanings, and functions. Third, it helps us explore the interactions and influences that have shaped human history and culture. By tracing the sources and transmissions of myths from different cultures, we can reveal their historical connections, exchanges, and transformations.


How does comparative mythology relate to linguistics?




Comparative mythology is closely related to linguistics, which is the scientific study of language. Language and myth are both forms of communication that convey information, emotions, values, and identities. They are also both products of human culture that evolve over time and space. Comparative mythology often uses linguistic methods and tools to analyze myths from different cultures. For example, it can use phonology (the study of sounds), morphology (the study of word formation), syntax (the study of sentence structure), semantics (the study of meaning), pragmatics (the study of context and use), and discourse analysis (the study of text and conversation) to examine the structure, style, and function of myths. Comparative mythology can also use historical linguistics (the study of language change and development) to reconstruct the origins and relationships of myths from different cultures. For example, it can use the comparative method (the technique of comparing linguistic features across languages) to identify cognates (words that share a common ancestor), etymologies (the histories of words), and proto-languages (the hypothetical ancestors of languages) among myths.


Who is Jaan Puhvel?




Jaan Puhvel is a distinguished professor emeritus of Indo-European studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. He was born in Estonia in 1932, and moved to the United States in 1949. He received his Ph.D. in linguistics from Harvard University in 1960, and taught at Yale University and Johns Hopkins University before joining UCLA in 1970. He retired in 2004, but remains active as a researcher and writer.


What are his main contributions to comparative mythology?




Jaan Puhvel is one of the most influential and respected scholars in the field of comparative mythology. He has published numerous books and articles on various aspects of Indo-European mythology, as well as other mythological traditions from around the world. Some of his most notable works include: - Hittite Etymological Dictionary (1984-2011), a monumental 17-volume work that provides the meanings and origins of thousands of words from the ancient Hittite language, which was spoken in Anatolia (modern Turkey) from the 18th to the 13th century BCE. - Analecta Indoeuropaea (1981), a collection of essays on topics such as Indo-European religion, mythology, poetry, law, and society. - The Labyrinth: Symbol of Fear, Rebirth, and Liberation (1990), a book that explores the symbolism and significance of the labyrinth motif in various cultures and contexts. - Myth and Law among the Indo-Europeans (1992), a book that examines the connections between myth and law in Indo-European cultures, such as the ancient Greeks, Romans, Celts, Germans, Slavs, Indians, and Iranians. - Homer and Hittite (1991), a book that compares the epic poetry of Homer with the Hittite texts from Anatolia, and reveals their similarities and differences.


How does he approach comparative mythology?




Jaan Puhvel approaches comparative mythology from a multidisciplinary perspective that combines linguistics, history, anthropology, psychology, and literary criticism. He uses both synchronic (focusing on a specific point in time) and diachronic (focusing on change over time) methods to compare myths from different cultures. He also uses both structuralist (focusing on the underlying patterns and systems) and functionalist (focusing on the practical purposes and effects) approaches to analyze myths from different cultures. He is especially interested in exploring the Indo-European heritage of myths from various regions, such as Europe, Asia, and America. He also pays attention to the cultural specificities and variations of myths from different regions. He is known for his meticulous scholarship, clear writing, and witty humor.


What is his book Comparative Mythology about?




Comparative Mythology is a book by Jaan Puhvel that was first published in 1987 by Johns Hopkins University Press. It is an introduction to the field of comparative mythology that covers its history, theory, method, and practice. It is intended for students, scholars, and general readers who are interested in learning more about myths from different cultures.


What are the main themes and topics covered in the book?




The book is divided into three parts: Part I: Foundations; Part II: Comparisons; Part III: Conclusions. The main themes and topics covered in each part are: - Part I: Foundations - Chapter 1: The Nature of Myth - This chapter defines myth as "a traditional tale with secondary, partial reference to something of collective importance" (p. 3), and discusses its characteristics, functions, genres, sources, interpretations, and classifications. - Chapter 2: The History of Comparative Mythology - This chapter traces the development of comparative mythology from its origins in ancient Greece to its modern forms in Europe and America. It highlights the contributions of key figures such as Herodotus, Euhemerus, Max Müller, Georges Dumézil, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Mircea Eliade, Joseph Campbell, and others. - Chapter 3: The Indo-European Background - Part II: Comparisons - Chapter 4: The Creation of the World - This chapter compares the myths of creation from different cultures, such as the Babylonian Enuma Elish, the Egyptian Memphite Theology, the Greek Theogony, the Norse Voluspa, the Indian Rig Veda, and the Chinese Pangu. It identifies some common themes and motifs, such as the primordial chaos, the cosmic egg, the separation of heaven and earth, the emergence of gods and humans, and the role of sacrifice and violence. - Chapter 5: The Structure of the World - This chapter compares the myths of cosmology from different cultures, such as the Mesopotamian ziggurat, the Egyptian pyramid, the Greek axis mundi, the Norse Yggdrasil, the Indian Mount Meru, and the Chinese Kunlun. It analyzes some common features and functions, such as the vertical and horizontal dimensions, the center and the periphery, the sacred and the profane, and the symbolic and practical meanings. - Chapter 6: The Seasons of Nature - This chapter compares the myths of seasonal cycles from different cultures, such as the Babylonian Descent of Ishtar, the Egyptian Osiris Myth, the Greek Persephone Myth, the Norse Balder Myth, the Indian Soma Myth, and the Chinese Houyi Myth. It explores some common patterns and variations, such as the death and rebirth of a god or goddess, the abduction and rescue of a maiden or lover, the conflict and reconciliation of opposites, and the celebration and ritualization of festivals. - Chapter 7: The Ages of Man - This chapter compares the myths of human history from different cultures, such as the Biblical Fall of Man, the Greek Ages of Man, the Norse Ragnarok, the Indian Yugas, and the Chinese Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors. It examines some common themes and issues, such as the decline and degeneration of humanity, the moral and social consequences of human actions, the hope and despair for human destiny, and the prophecy and apocalypse of human future. - Chapter 8: The Heroes of Myth - Part II: Comparisons (continued) - Chapter 8: The Heroes of Myth (continued) - their success or failure in achieving their goals, and their death or immortality in legend or cult. - Chapter 9: The Gods of Myth - This chapter compares the myths of divinity from different cultures, such as the Sumerian Anunnaki, the Egyptian Ennead, the Greek Olympians, the Norse Aesir and Vanir, the Indian Devas and Asuras, and the Chinese Tian and Di. It investigates some common aspects and functions of gods, such as their origin and genealogy, their power and authority, their personality and attributes, their relations and conflicts, their roles and responsibilities, and their worship and cult. - Part III: Conclusions - Chapter 10: The Meaning of Myth - This chapter summarizes the main findings and insights of comparative mythology, and reflects on the meaning and value of myth for human culture and society. It argues that myth is a universal and essential phenomenon that expresses the human condition and aspiration in symbolic and narrative forms. It also suggests that myth is a dynamic and adaptable phenomenon that responds to the changing needs and circumstances of human history and environment. Conclusion




In this article, we have introduced you to the topic of Jaan Puhvel Comparative Mythology Pdf Download. We have explained what comparative mythology is, why it is important, and how it relates to linguistics. We have also given you a brief biography of Jaan Puhvel, one of the leading scholars in the field. We have then provided you with an overview of his book Comparative Mythology, which is a comprehensive and insightful introduction to the field. We have also given you a guide on how to download a PDF version of the book legally and ethically. We hope that you have enjoyed reading this article, and that you have learned something new and useful. If you are interested in learning more about comparative mythology, we encourage you to read Jaan Puhvel's book Comparative Mythology. It is a fascinating and rewarding book that will enrich your knowledge and appreciation of myths from different cultures.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions and answers about Jaan Puhvel Comparative Mythology Pdf Download:


- Q: Where can I buy a hard copy of Jaan Puhvel's book Comparative Mythology? - A: You can buy a hard copy of Jaan Puhvel's book Comparative Mythology from various online or offline bookstores, such as Amazon, Barnes & Noble, or your local library. The ISBN number of the book is 9780801839382. - Q: How can I cite Jaan Puhvel's book Comparative Mythology in my academic paper or project? - A: You can cite Jaan Puhvel's book Comparative Mythology using any citation style that you prefer or that is required by your instructor or institution. Here is an example of how to cite the book using the APA style: - Puhvel, J. (1987). Comparative mythology. Johns Hopkins University Press. - Q: What are some other books or resources that I can read to learn more about comparative mythology? - A: Some other books or resources that you can read to learn more about comparative mythology are: - Leeming, D. A. (2010). Creation myths of the world: An encyclopedia (2nd ed.). ABC-CLIO. - Doty, W. G. (2000). Mythography: The study of myths and rituals (2nd ed.). University of Alabama Press. - Segal, R. A. (Ed.). (2004). The myth and ritual theory: An anthology. Blackwell Publishing. - Eliade, M., & Trask, W. R. (1963). Myth and reality. Harper & Row. - Campbell, J., & Moyers, B. D. (1988). The power of myth. Doubleday. - Q: What are some other topics or fields that are related to comparative mythology? - A: Some other topics or fields that are related to comparative mythology are: - Comparative religion: The study of the similarities and differences between religions from different cultures and regions. - Comparative literature: The study of the similarities and differences between literary works from different cultures and regions. - Part III: Conclusions (continued) - Chapter 10: The Meaning of Myth (continued) - FAQs (continued) - jokes, riddles, and other forms of oral tradition from different cultures and regions. - Comparative psychology: The study of the similarities and differences between the mental processes and behaviors of humans and animals from different cultures and regions. - Comparative anthropology: The study of the similarities and differences between the social and cultural practices and institutions of humans from different cultures and regions. - Q: How can I contact Jaan Puhvel or learn more about his work? - A: You can contact Jaan Puhvel or learn more about his work by visiting his website at https://www.jaanpuhvel.com/, where you can find his biography, publications, lectures, and contact information. 71b2f0854b


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